Kisan Mobile Advisory Service

KVK Mokokchung is providing location specific advisory service on agri and allied activities in both local and english dialets through short messaging Service to all registered farmers, so far 350 registered farmers are availing this facility. Registration is free for all interested farmers of Mokokchung district and can be done by sending an e-mail to This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. / This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. or sending a sms in the following numbers-9402343069/ 9615747236, 9436604002.

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Impact Study report

IMPACT STUDY REPORT

Age old traditional systems of cultivation practicing is still prevalent among the farming communities in the district. Except in few cases, majority are not aware and does not practice advanced and improved technologies farming. The district being endowed with a very favourable agro-climatic condition with vast potentiality for all types of farming enterprises. But due to ignorance and easy nature, the technologies leaved unused which ultimately led to poor production. Considering overall situation, KVK Mokokchung, with an aim to improve upon the existing farming system with improved technologies imparted awareness, knowledge and skill through OFTs, FLDs, trainings and other extension activities. to bring about a change in the livelihood of the farming communities. 

To assess the impact of KVK interventions, a case study was conducted at Kobulong, Changtongya, Asangma, Ungma and Mopungchuket under Mokokchung district with the following objectives:

1.To study and assess exist traditional practices

2.To assess adoption of new technologies.

3.To study change in economic status of the farming families.

4.To assess future strategy and intervention 

The study was conducted using a semi-structured interview, twenty five persons from each village took part. Fifty percent of the respondents were women. 

Brief documentation of process involved are highlighted below:

 All the respondents were from farming families and engaged in one or the other activities/enterprise and some even have experiences of working in group. Most of the farmers are found to be jhumias (Jhum farmers). Through participatory ranking it was identified that the main crops of the selected villages were paddy followed by tapioca. This is mainly due to land topography and lack of irrigation facilities. The farmers usually grow tapioca as an animal feeds along with Jhum paddy or as crop rotation after paddy. Almost all the farmers practices age old traditional method for farming using locally available seeds. 

The KVK intervened with an aim to improve upon the present traditional practices by imparting training, conducting OFTs and FLDs, supplied improved varieties of seeds. Thirty five percent of the trained farmers indicated a good level of adoption. It was observed that the adoption of the improved package of technologies among the farmers stood at 45% and a satisfactory impact indicator as observed was that the performance in production and productivity has improved considerably by upto 10% increase in production and productivity. The products of the farmers were also exhibited during Independence and Republic days and much to be note they also received awards. At the same time a variety of factors were responsible for non adoption of the new technologies major among which were that most of time they find it difficult to move from the traditional system of farming which is still the predominant system, fragmented land holding and financial constrains.

  At present the farmers are fetching good harvest from their enterprises. The farm products are either consumed at home or sold in the local markets and earns a good return. Due to higher productivity the economic status of the farming families has undergone some improvement. They are able to procure additional home needs (two farmers purchased a colour television and another three of them are now using mobile phones). With their additional income twenty famers has revealed that they will be increasing the area of their farm by 20%.  It was assumed that with this level of improvement and enthusiastic better change in economic status is further anticipated. 

The performance of these famers (who has adopted the new technologies) is having a good impact on the other farmers as well which has been testified by more other farmers contacting our office for providing them with necessary technical guidance. 

Constraints:

Some of the major constraints reported by the respondents are listed below.  

1.In tomato the yield is better under shade condition but to construct a shade for large scale cultivation is a problem because the cost of construction is high. (tomato)

2.Construction of separate room for rearing in large scale/ financial constraint. (sericulture)

3.Fencing problems for Stray animals. (field crops)

4.Lack of marketing facilities.

5.Post harvest management.

6.Difficulty in getting good breed of animals.

7.Lack of pastureland. 

8.Restricted free grazing.

Future strategies:

From the case study it is evident that there is high potentiality for large scale cultivation for food crops and the farmers are also taking keen interest. Therefore, to overcome the present constraints some of the strategies are as follow;

1.Location specific crops which fetch more income to the farmers should be well refine and expansion of area to be encouraged.

2.Promotion of farming system model in the village. 

3.To develop better communication among the farmers and the Scientists.

4.To identify source of financial assistance. 

5.To imparting knowledge and skill on seed storage management. 

After KVK intervention there has been an increase in crop yield through adoption of new system, the farmers are convinced and are willing to continue cultivating improved varieties provided seed inputs are available. However, during implementation of any programmes the traditional practices of the farmers should be taken into consideration and improve upon it. Extension functionaries and scientists need to educate, disseminate and encourage the farmers on adoption of improved technologies, post harvest management etc to bring about a change in crop production measures. Inputs like seeds etc should also be made available to the farmers in time and also timely back up of the activities should be done for successful implementation of programmes. 

IMPACT STUDY REPORT

Inspite of concerted effort to make the farmers adopt new and improved technologies the farmers mindset is still cling to the existing traditional system of farming. For the farmers of the Mokokchung district diversity in the farming system is fundamental, this is manifested by the fact that jhum still dominates the farming system. In a typical jhum field many different crops are found – cereals, pulses, tuber crops and a wide variety of vegetables. These crops present the diversity in the existing farming system. Diversity remains to be unsystematic and the overall income from agriculture remains low. Thus with a view to streamline the diverse farming activities and to enhance the income of the farmers for ensuring livelihood security KVK Mokokchung undertook different mandated programmes in the operational villages.

Some of the major interventions were System of Rice Intensification (SRI) in the WRC/TRC fields. This is a new rice production system which provides efficient use of water and gives much higher yield than the traditional system. It is anticipated that this system will ensure food security and withstand effects of climate change on agriculture. FLD on SRI was conducted very successfully and many farmers are adopting this system and more areas are being brought under this system of cultivation.

Tomato is already a popular crop among the farmers but the local varieties are low yielding. Introduction and demonstration of Megha-1 Variety which is well known for its better fruit size, production and less susceptibility to fruit borer has already become popular among the farmers.

Vegetable cultivation in the district occupies a significant position but there is still deficit in production. Broccoli a high value nutritionally superior vegetable has been widely been accepted by the farmers. This crop which is new to the district of Mokokchung district is doing well and is fetching good economic returns to the farmers. It has been well accepted even by urban dwellers and has started growing in every available space. 

Oil seed production in the district is very minimal due to a variety of reasons- such as food habits, lack of processing facilities, lack of irrigation facilities and dependence on rainfed agriculture. In addition non availability of vacant fields during sowing seasons due to standing crops has been a hurdle. A cultivation practice has hampered the cultivation of other oilseeds which are sown in the month of Oct. during which crops are still on the field for harvesting. However with the introduction of Toria (TS-38) which is a late sown and more moisture stress tolerant, the farmers has gradually taking interest in cultivation of toria.

Demonstration on cultivation of pea and ricebean is getting more popular due to the advantages and the additional income that is generated.

Among the livestock, Swine production is the most popular enterprise. One of the significant problems encountered in swine production is the losses incurred by sow breeder due to piglet anemia. Losses due to mortality and poor growth of the piglets have been a major problem. Demonstration of supplementing piglets with iron injections has shown that piglet anemia can be prevented thus ensuring better economic returns. Farmers are now aware of piglet anemia and its preventive measures that can be initiated.

Constrains and Future Strategies

Some of the constrains observed and encountered are- lack of availability of farm implements like weeders ( in case of SRI), sometimes seeds are not available at the right time and in other cases the farmers are reluctant and apprehensive for adopting the new technologies. Constant, regular updating of knowledge of the technical staffs will be essential for further advise and support the farmers. At the same time developing linkages with input/seeds suppliers and ensuring their availability will play a critical role for the farmers to adopt and continue practicing new and improved technologies.

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